Position papers and analyses

ESYS publishes all project results. Position papers contain policy options for the transformation of the energy system, complementary analyses provide background information. All publications are published in German.

In addition, selected publications are translated into English. An overview of all publications by the Academies’ Project can be found here. On the following page, the English publications are available for download.

Recent Publication

Discussion Paper | September 2019

Focusing expertise, shaping policy – energy transition now!

Based on their studies into the feasibility of the energy transition by 2050, the German Academies of Sciences' joint "Energy Systems of the Future" (ESYS) initiative, the Federation of German Industries (BDI) and the German Energy Agency (dena) have published a discussion paper with recommendations how Germany's energy transition can succeed. ESYS, BDI and dena have jointly concluded that, although feasible, an energy transition can only be achieved if policymakers take immediate decisive action. A "business as usual" approach will result in Germany comprehensively failing to meet its climate targets.



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Further Publications

Position Paper | May 2019

Biomass: striking a balance between energy and climate policies. Strategies for sustainable bioenergy use

Bioenergy is the most versatile of the renewable energy sources. A coherent bioenergy policy must ensure that bioenergy use has no negative social and environmental impacts, and makes the greatest possible contribution to climate protection. The Position Paper shows how to make best use of bioenergy in the energy system.

Position Paper | April 2019

Governance for the European Energy Union

The Position Paper shows how leadership alliances, the EU Commission and EU legislators must make effective use of the scope of the Governance Regulation and points out options for accompanying measures.

Position Paper | August 2018

Coupling the different energy sectors − options for the next phase of the energy transition

How can we drive fossil fuels out of the energy system and achieve our climate targets? Based on expert discussions, a comparison of relevant energy scenarios and their own model calculations, the Academies’ Project ESYS has developed a list of courses of action for Germany. The Position Paper has summarised the most important results.

Position Paper | March 2018

Raw materials for the energy transition. Securing a reliable and sustainable supply

The supply of metals and energy products depends on various factors, i.e. how raw material prices develop, or how transparent and accessible the markets are. The position paper describes how Germany can become more independent of raw material imports and what measures can help to secure the supply in the long term.

Position Paper | March 2016

Consulting with energy scenarios. Requirements for scientific policy advise

Energy scenarios can considerably influence political decisions. It is therefore of major importance that the results are both comprehensible and verifiable. However, as calculation models are part of the implementing institutions’ operating capital, they are frequently not disclosed. Also, it is not always clear whether the results are influenced by any provisions by the commissioning institutions. The position paper by the Academies’ Project “Energy Systems of the Future” (ESYS) offers suggestions how transparency can be increased.

Position Paper | February 2016

Flexibility concepts for the German power supply in 2050. Ensuring stability in the age of renewable energies

So-called flexibility technologies are necessary to balance the fluctuations naturally inherent to power generation from wind and photovoltaics. A working group of the Academies’ Project “Energy Systems of the Future” (ESYS) has developed a special model enabling the comparison of 130 different constellations. The position paper summarises the main findings and presents design options for energy policies.

Position Paper | July 2015

Incorporating the German Energiewende into a comprehensive European approach

In order to mitigate global warming, as many countries as possible must strive to make their energy supply systems more sustainable. It is up to the EU to establish an integrated energy and climate policy as an internationally compatible system. Therefore, this position paper advocates the closer integration of the German energy transition into the European energy and climate policy scheme.