Energy Systems of the Future

Initiative of the German Academies of Sciences

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This is what the future could look like in 2050: Electricity is mainly generated from wind and solar power. Cars are fuelled with electricity or hydrogen. Buildings are so well insulated that they no longer require heating.

How do we get there? What remains to be explored? And how is the transition towards a more sustainable energy supply to be financed? The Academies’ Project “Energy Systems of the Future” provides answers to these questions.

Current issues

Position Paper

Resources for the energy transition

In order to switch to a climate-friendly energy supply, the economy requires metals and minerals. Germany needs a long-term raw material policy to foster open and transparent markets as well as high environmental and social standards.


Analysis on „Raw materials“ published by SpringerLink

The analysis „Supply of Raw Materials and Effects of the Global Economy“ comes to the conclusion that globally, there are sufficient metals and raw materials for the energy transition. The challenge is to make the supply secure, affordable and environmentally and socially acceptable. In July 2018, the English translation of the ESYS analysis was published by SpringerLink.


Resilience: The security concept of the future

The energy system is becoming increasingly interconnected, digitalised and decentralised. This makes it more flexible, but also more vulnerable. Resilient energy systems remain functional even in the case of attacks and disturbances.

„Its specific aim, broad approach and structural conception make the Academies’ Project ESYS unique in the field of science-based policy advice. “

Jörg Hacker
President of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina

„The energy transition must be implemented in close cooperation with the humanities. Thus, we can better understand the consequences that ensue for the population and ensure that the transition is realised in a socially sustainable way.“

Hanns Hatt
President of the Union of German Academies

„ESYS creates interfaces between different disciplines and stakeholders in order to develop systemic answers to the challenges coming with the energy transition. “

Reinhard F. Hüttl
acatech vice president